Cinnamom is taxonomically extremely difficult. There are numerous species used as spice, functional food, or ailment in traditional medicinal systems all over Asia (Ayurveda, TCM, traditional medicinal systems of Korea, Japan, Vietnam). Some species accumulate coumarin, which is of toxicological concern. Also in the West, cinnamom capsules, are currently booming as food supplement against type-II diabetes. We have, therefore, established a collection of cinnamoms and spent quite some time and effort to authenticate them. Many turned out to be something else from that what was declared. The table below gives our current state of knowledge. This is a snapshot, not more, but also not less. We did the analysis by morphology, anatomy and molecular markers to the best of our knowledge and according to the state of the art.

species source declared identity ID data sheet
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl Flora Toscana C. camphora 5463 pdf (state 26.08.2021)
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl BG KIT C. camphora 8361 pdf (state 26.08.2021)
Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume BG Karlsruhe Castle C. verum 3889 pdf (state 24.06.2021)
Cinnamomum pittosporoides Handel-Mazzetti BG Bayreuth C. burmannii 6637 pdf (state 10.01.2022)
Cinnamomum pittosporoides Handel-Mazzetti (died meanwhile) BG Bonn C. burmannii 9381 pdf (state 10.01.2022)
Cinnamomum pittosporoides Handel-Mazzetti BG Gießen C. cassia 9342 pdf (state 24.01.2022)
Cinnamomum spec. Flora Toscana C. loureiroi 3401 pdf (state 02.09.2021)
Cinnamomum verum J. Presl Flora Toscana C. verum 5406 pdf (state 17.06.2021)
Cinnamomum verum J. Presl BG Gießen C. verum 6609 pdf (state 24.06.2021)
Laurus nobilis L. BG KIT L. nobilis 6025 pdf (state 09.09.2021)


Ayurvedic Herbs

For each accession there is a data sheet containing the respective background information.






data sheet 

remarks  to do  updated resources
Moringa oleifera 8468 India Rühlemanns pdf confirmed   17.06.2018  here
Ocimum americanum 7811 Africa, India BG Greifswald pdf unclear compare to 7537 19.05.2017 [1], [2]
Ocimum basilicum 'Genovese'





confirmed   19.05.2017  
Ocimum campechianum 


South America  BG KIT


corrected  compare 19.05.2017  
Ocimum gratissimum 



BG Bonn


confirmed   19.05.2017 [1]

Ocimum tenuiflorum





confirmed   19.05.2017  
Vana Tulsi 8258 India CAMAG pdf confirmed   11.05.2019 here
Phyllanthus emblica L. 0068 India, Nepal Rühlemanns pdf confirmed   21.07.2023  
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal 0095 India unknown pdf to confirm   11.09.2020  


[1] Determination key and careful description: Albuquerque UP, Andrade LHC (1998) El género Ocimum L. (Lamiaceae) en el nordeste del Brasil. Anales Jard Bot Madrid 56, 43-64. pdf

[2] Photoguide on African plants by Senckenberg (identity trustable). here